What Is Laravel?
The simple answer to the question, ”what is Laravel?” is straightforward: Laravel is a cross-
platform PHP framework for building web applications.
But truly understanding the benefits of Laravel and its uses requires a deeper dive. Laravel
allows a developer to take advantage of a large library of pre-programmed functionality
(such as authentication, routing, and HTML templating). Access to this library makes it
simpler to build robust web applications quickly while minimizing the amount of coding
Laravel offers a highly functional development environment, as well as intuitive and
expressive command-line interfaces. In addition, Laravel uses an object-relational mapping
(ORM) for simpler data access and manipulation.
Laravel applications are highly scalable and have easy-to-maintain codebases. Developers
Can also seamlessly add functionality to their applications, thanks to Laravel’s modular
Packaging system and robust dependency management.
Is Laravel Frontend or Backend?
Is Laravel is primarily a backend development framework, though it does offer some frontend
Functionality? Many of Laravel’s features, however, are frontend agnostic.
Is Laravel a Programming Language?
Laravel is a PHP framework and uses a scripting language rather than being a strict PHP
programming language. While scripting languages and programming languages are related,
they have several noticeable differences, primarily in ease of use and speed of execution.
Scripting languages are platform-specific, interpreted languages. In contrast, programming
languages are platform-agnostic, compiled languages. Being platform-specific, scripting
languages rely on the compiler of the application in which they are working.
Applications built using scripting languages are compiled at runtime, meaning that each
instruction is interpreted individually at runtime, rendering the application slower than a pre-
compiled application. Runtime compilation also results in the application stopping or
shutting down if it encounters a runtime error; in contrast, pre-compiled applications
perform error checking during compilation, making them more robust at runtime. For many
users, though, the disadvantages of scripting languages are more than offset by their ease
of use and iteration.
What Is a PHP Framework?
PHP (a recursive acronym for PHP Hypertext Preprocessor) is an open source, server-side
scripting language widely used for web development. As of early 2021, nearly 80% of all
websites are using PHP. While many may not be familiar with PHP, everyone is familiar with
one of the most well-known PHP applications – WordPress.
A PHP framework provides a set of code libraries containing pre-programmed modules that
allow a user to build applications faster. They offer web developers a number of benefits,
including more rapid development, a reduced need to write code, and enhanced security.
They also help novice developers build up good coding practices, since they require specific
organization of code. What’s more, PHP frameworks typically require less maintenance than
applications built from the ground up.
Many modern PHP frameworks are object-oriented. Because of this, it’s beneficial to have a
Basic understanding of concepts like classes, objects, and inheritance before diving into a
PHP frameworks use a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. For those unfamiliar with
MVC architecture, the Model is the data for the application, along with all associated logic.
A table of subscribers, for example, can be a Model. The View provides a point of interaction
with a user, where data from the Model can be viewed and modified. The Controller is a
conduit between the View and the Model. In other words, the Controller takes user requests,
retrieves the requisite information from the Model, processes it, and returns it to the view.
PHP applications, such as WordPress, have some known vulnerabilities. The most notable
examples are code injection and SQL injection. Laravel includes features that help prevent
SQL injection and other attacks.
However, developers should undertake additional efforts, such as penetration testing, to
ensure the security of their applications. According to IT expert Barbara Ericson of Cloud
Defense, web application security consists of both penetration testing and web application
firewalls, which go hand-in-hand.
Penetration tests are intended to be more complex tests performed by qualified
cybersecurity professionals, who will attempt to break into your system without any prior
knowledge of its development in order to identify unpatched security vulnerabilities.
Why Should You Use Laravel?
Having answer “What is Laravel?” the next question is, “Why Laravel?” Laravel provides a
Large set of robust tools that helps make the web app development process easier and
Faster, and the final application codebases are well-structured and easily maintained.
Some of the specific benefits of Laravel are:
Laravel is Easy to Learn
Laravel is relatively easy to learn, given the proper background. Laravel does require a
general understanding of PHP and object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts for
effective use. Knowing at least some HTML is helpful as well. And for any MVC architecture,
it is also helpful to comprehend relational database management systems, such as MySQL
Laravel Simplifies the Development Process
From the beginning, Laravel was designed to simplify tasks that are common across a
variety of web development projects like routing, authentication, migration, caching, and
more. Laravel makes it simple to integrate pre-made modules into an application, using
intuitive and expressive command line interfaces and Composer.
What Dose Laravel DO?
Laravel’s feature set is far too extensive to cover fully in this brief overview. A few
of the more significant features include:
Laravel provides straightforward and intuitive route handing, using simple to
identify routes rather than long path names. The use of route identifiers also
makes it easier to maintain applications, as the route name can be changed in
one place rather than having to change it throughout. All web interface routes in
a Laravel application are registered in the routes/web.php file.
Laravel includes a number of security features including user authentication, user
role authorizations, email verification, encryption services, password hashing, and
password reset features.
Laravel provides version control for application databases using migrations.
Migrations track how a database has been modified over time, making it easier to
destroy or recreate the database when necessary.
Blade is Laravel’s PHP templating engine. PHP templating engines help divide
business logic from HTML templating, resulting in a code base that is more easily
maintained. Many of the features of Laravel rely on Blade templates. Blade offers
more functionality than other templating engines because Blade allows use of
plain PHP code, which others do not.
Laravel uses sessions to store information about the user across several requests.
Cookies are an example of a built-in Laravel session driver.
Laravel makes it simple to validate incoming user data. Laravel includes a number of data validation rule, with customizable error messages.
Laravel supports data caching to minimize application task processing times
Laravel’s cache API supports a variety of third-party cache backends such as
Memcached and Redis.
Error handing is automatically configured upon starting a new Laravel project.
Laravel applications can be run in debug mode, generating detailed error message
for all errors that occur.
Laravel offers substantial testing figures out of the box. Laravel supports unit
testing, which tests small, isolated sections of application code, as well as feature
testing, which tests larger sections of code and higher-level functionality.
Storage and File Management
Laravel uses the Flysystem PHP package to provide drivers for working with a
variety of filesystems, from local filesystems to cloud-based storage such as
Amazon S3. Laravel also provides for file transfer with SSH File Transfer Protocol
Laravel includes an email API based on the SwiftMailer library, which allows
sending email through a service of choice. Laravel supports email attachments
and email queuing.
Laravel supports sending notifications over a number of channels, whether well-
known channels such as SMS or Slack, or using channels developed by Laravel
How Does Laravel Work?
In order to best understand what Laravel can do, it is important to understand
how Laravel deals with requests, i.e., the request lifecycle. As discussed above,
Laravel is based on MVC architecture, and responds to requests from users,
which the controller uses to retrieve and process data from the model and
present information back to the user in a view.
A request enters a Laravel application via the public/index.php file, which loads
the rest of the framework and retrieves an instance of the Laravel application.
After retrieval of the application instance, the request is routed to the console
kernel or HTTP kernel.
Among other tasks, the kernel defines a selection of bootstrappers that perform
tasks that must be completed before request handling takes place, as well as
defining any middleware that requests must pass through prior to handling.
Among these pre-handling tasks is loading any service providers required for the application.
Once bootstrapping is complete and service provide have been registered, the
request passes to the router, which then directs the request to a route or to a
controller.In addition, the router runs any required router-specific middleware.
after the request passes through all required middleware, execution of a router or
controller method returns a response that passes back through the chain to the
How Do You Get Started With Laravel?
To being with Laravel, it is necessary to understand some of the most important
structures and functionalities in Laravel.
The service container is one of the core components of Laravel. Services
containers manage class dependencies and dependency injection.
Service containers are where a developer binds everything necessary to run a
Equally important are Laravel service provides, which are where classes and
dependencies are injected into the service containers.
Facades is a static interface for classes bound in the service container. Facades
create ease of use by providing easily memorable syntax as a proxy for a long
Packages are how functionality is added to Laravel. There are both stand-alone
package and application-specific packages. Service providers tell Laravel where to
load package resources.
Laravel includes a set of command-line interface (CLIs).The Artisan Console
includes commands that help developers quickly build skeleton code, simplify and
automate repetitive tasks, and more easily complete an application build. Sail is a
lighter-weight command-line interface introduced in Laravel 8.Sail lets the
developer interact with Docker,Laravel’s default development environment.
Eloquent is an object-relational mapper (ORM) that allows easy interaction with
databases.Using the MVC architecture, the models correspond to individual
tables in a database. With Eloquent, developers can be assured of quick retrieval,
simple insertions and updates, and intuitive definition of relationships.
Composer is a third-party application-level PHP dependency management tool.
Composer manages the libraries, modules, and plug-ins required by a Laravel
Laravel Homestead is a development environment allowing development on
avirtual machine by providing a pre- packaged Vagrant box. Homestead includes
everything needed for Laravel application development, including PHP, MySQL
Nginx, Composer, Redis, and much more, so the developer need not install these
packages on their local machine. Homestead does require the installation of
Vagrant and either VirtualBox or Parallels.
Authentication Starter Kits
Laravel includes a number of packages to help get developers up and running
quickly. Prior to diving in, you may wish to review some of the many available
resources for learning Laravel. Laravel includes a couple of starter kits to help the
developer implement common functionality quickly.
Laravel Breeze is an authentication starter kit. IT includes common authentication
and user account features such as user registration, login, email verification, and
through Vue.Breeze has a default view layer that uses Blade templates and
For more advanced authentication features, Laravel now offers Jetstream, first
introduced in Version 8. In addition to the features found in Breeze, Jetstream
also offers additional advanced feature such as two-factor authentication,
session management, API support via
Laravel Sanctum, and optional team management.
For developers that prefer to use their own authentication frontend, Laravel
offers Fortify—an authentication backend that is frontend agnostic. Fortify is the
engine for the Jetstream authentication starter kit and includes all of the Laravel
authentication features (e.g. user registration, login, email verification, two-factor
authentication, etc.). Fortify is not the underlying engine for Laravel Breeze.
Laravel also offers social media-based authentication (OAuth) through Laravel
For developers who want to deploy their applications with minimal server
configuration or, indeed, want serverless deployment, Laravel offers Forge and
Vapor. Forge allows for deployment through a variety of infrastructure providers
with minimal configuration efforts. Vapor is a serverless deployment platform
based on AWS.
For those looking to take the next step, developers can deploy their Laravel
applications through their own self-hosted website. This is because self-hosting
your website will require you to set up several defined databases with a single
PHP command (using the latest version) and SSH access to the server. Laravel
offers both in one open-sourced PHP framework, and as an added bonus, it’s
quite easy to install.
What Else Can Laravel Do?
The better question might be, “What can’t Laravel do?” Thousands of packages
exist that accomplish any number of functions. Some of the more interesting
official Laravel packages are:
Cashier and Spark
Laravel Cashier provides an interface for subscription billing services from Stripe
and Paddle. Cashier also provides advanced subscription functionality, such as
coupons and cancellation grace periods.
Cashier is the engine for Laravel Spark, a billing management panel that allows
users to create and manage their subscriptions. Spark is also limited to Stripe and
Paddle as payment providers; custom providers are not yet compatible with
Spark. Spark does, however, allow the developer to choose their frontend.
Laravel Valet is a macOS development environment focused on speed and
minimal resource usage (around 7 MB of RAM). Valet is not intended to be a
complete replacement for Sail or Homestead. Instead, it’s meant for users with
specific needs and resource limitations.
For more packages, see the Laravel website or Packalyst.
Laravel in 2021
The current version of Laravel is version 8, initially released in September 2020.
This version includes a number of new features and improvements. Some of the
new features in version 8 include Laravel Jetstream, job batching (allows
execution of a batch of jobs, followed by performance of defined actions),
Dynamic Blade components (allows runtime component rendering based on a
runtime value), and use of Tailwind CSS by default in the Laravel paginator,
among others. Improvements were also made to rate limiting and maintenance
Take note that Laravel issues a new major release every year in September, with
minor releases issuing as needed. Laravel version 9 is currently scheduled for
release in September 2021.
Summary Developers seeking fast and simple web application development should consider
learning Laravel. Laravel provides an extensive and robust set of resources that
simplifies the development process by eliminating the need to code many
common tasks from scratch.
Laravel also provides a secure virtual development environment and intuitive
command-line interfaces. And because Laravel is simple to learn and has a strong
support community and ecosystem, it’s a natural choice for many developers, be
they beginners or experts with years of experience.
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